Who is affected?

Uterine fibroids are the most common disease of the female reproductive system. All women could potentially develop this type of tumour.

30% of women aged 35 and over are affected (source SFICV)
In most cases, fibroids grow in the premenopausal phase when oestrogen levels rise. When menopause is installed, oestrogen levels fall and the tumours shrink.
For this reason, most women are diagnosed and treated between the ages of 35 and 54. However, most doctors feel that fibroids can appear as early as age 20

Women of African descent are the most affected

Several European and American studies have shown that uterine fibroids affect more frequently women of African descent, and, on the contrary, much less those of Asian origin.

The hereditary factor

A study of the Moscow Center Obstetrics ("Familial predisposition to uterine leiomyomas") in 1995 also reported the importance of hereditary factors.
Fibroids are 2.2 times more frequent when the first degree relative has two or more fibroids. The risk is 1.94 for sisters and 2.12 for daughters. More generally, studies suggest that the appearance of fibroids is actually the result of a combination of genetic, hormonal and environmental factors
Doctors well prepared to diagnose
The disease is common and general practitioners and gynaecologists are well prepared to diagnose uterine fibroids.
Moreover, their presence is usually discovered during a routine visit (abdominal palpation, pelvic examination, etc.).

In case of suspicion, the doctor or gynaecologist performs an ultrasound. This is the first-line examination to confirm the presence of fibroids.
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) is usually performed to help identify the number, the location and the size of the fibroids.

Based on the results, age, any other conditions and the expectations of the patient (desire to retain her uterus or become pregnant, etc.), the gynaecologist informs the patient of the different treatment plans possible.

Finally, the informed patient makes her decision.


The information on this website is not exhaustive and it is available primarily for the purpose of general information. It is in no way intended to replace a consultation with a healthcare professional and it constitutes neither directly nor indirectly, a medical consultation.