What are the symptoms?

A good knowledge of uterine fibroids and their symptoms is essential when choosing the best treatment for each woman.


Depending on circumstances, the symptoms may be multiple or nonexistent as they depend on the size and the location of the tumour. Uterine fibroids may well affect the daily lives of some women or they may go completely unnoticed by others. In the latter case, it is not necessary to treat the fibroids. Regular monitoring by a gynaecologist is sufficient.


Symptoms related to the menstrual cycle

Fibroids are hormonally sensitive; their symptoms are often linked to the menstrual cycle.
Just before menopause, when oestrogen levels tend to increase, their size tends to increase, resulting in stronger symptoms. Once menopause is installed, oestrogen levels decrease significantly and fibroids and their symptoms reduce accordingly. Women receiving hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may nevertheless continue to suffer as HRT provides the body with the missing hormones (oestrogen and progesterone).

It is not uncommon for women affected by uterine fibroids to underestimate the symptoms (pain and bleeding).

The most common symptoms :


Heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding
Bloating with a feeling of heaviness in the pelvis
Pain in the lower abdomen
A frequent urge to urinate if the fibroids put pressure on the bladder
Constipation if the fibroids compress the large intestine or rectum

Less common symptoms are also reported, such as pain during sex or pain in the lower back (lumbago).

Source SFICV

The information on this website is not exhaustive and it is available primarily for the purpose of general information. It is in no way intended to replace a consultation with a healthcare professional and it constitutes neither directly nor indirectly, a medical consultation.